Ancient Iberia Map
This Ancient Iberia Map depicts how immense Sierras traversed Iberia. Transport, across-country, during the Late Bronze Age would have been highly difficult. Flat valleys were ideal locations for native settlements. One such valley existed in Southern Iberia: today known as the Guadalquivir valley.
An ancient Iberian tribe had settled in this area. They were known as the Tartessians, they later mixed with the Celts. The Kingdom of Tartessos was a fortunate and peaceful civilization. Surrounding meadows that stretched as far as the eye could see, were fertile. However, it was concealed elements, buried beneath that land, which would cause massive upheaval and progress.
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In The Fertile Crescent, lived another ethnic group. They were people of Semitic origin, known as Canaanites (or Phoenicians as the Greeks later denominated them). See a map of the Fertile Crescent Climate Band: What is the Mediterranean Diet
The Phoencians inhabited what today is known as Lebanon. During 1200 and 900 BC peace reigned in Mesopotamia. Neighbouring states were settled and prospered.
The Canaanites of the city of Tyre built a magnificent Temple dedicated to Melqart. Their neighbours, the Hebrews also wished to build a Temple. Diplomatic relations were excellent between both countries. The Phoenicians helped the Hebrews.
Guidance from the Phoenicians was invaluable. They were a seafaring nation and had developed a vast amount of skills.
The Phoenicians traded cedar wood from Lebanon for: gold, turquoise and copper. They were experts at crafting utensils and ornaments. Metallurgy was no secret to them. The Phoenicians were lucrative traders and developed the first twenty-two letter symbol-alphabet, helping them to keep records of their transactions and to prosper further.
Rumours circulated the Eastern Levant, of a country in the Mediterranean, where precious metals could be found easily. The area they sought was Tartessos, in southern Iberia. See: Physical Map of Spain The Phoenicians maintained their power in this region, until Spanish Carthage overran them.
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