Baelo Claudia in Bolonia Bay
Baelo Claudia was as an important Baetica port.
Model of the town of Baelo
Baelo belonged under the Hispania Conventus Gaditanus.
Conventus: Adminsitration of Justice
Roman Spain: Baetica Had Four Conventus Zones
Cadiz (Gades) was the capital of Baelo Claudia's Conventus.
It also controlled the already colonized areas:
Jerez, (Hasta Regia).
Baelo became the religious and administrative nucleus for nearby areas: Barbate to Mellaria.
Other towns: Medina Sidonia (Asido) and Alcala de los Gazules (Lascuta) were quite far away.
The town of Baelo Claudia is situated in the Atlantic inlet of Bolonia. Bolonia Bay is in Cadiz, Andalucia. see: roman art and architecture
Three mountain ranges surround Baelo:
Sierra de Bartolome (eastern side)
Sierra de la Plata (western side)
Sierra de la Higuera (western side)
Two opposing headland points demarcate the Bay of Bolonia.
Punta (cape) Caraminal and Punta Paloma
The Baelo Routes
One route led to the west - towards Carteia
The other was situated the eastern direction - towards Gades
However, it was the maritime routes
, especially with Tangiers (Tingis) that mattered.
Baelo Claudia's Connection to The Importance of Atlantic Fishing
Atlantic Fishing capture was immense.
It was the Phoenicians, who originally, laid trap-nets snaring migrating Tuna, inside the Bolonia bay and in other Gaditan inlets.
It was the Phoenicians who initiated, fish-salting, factories. Garum was a fermented, fish-sauce, considered a delicacy. Garum was expensive. Garum was produced in the Bolonia valley, near the Roman complex.
Much of the caught fish were sent to Malaga, for fish-salting.
The Roman Salting Vats of Baelo
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